The Divine Office


The Fathers and the Liturgy often use musical imagery to illustrate the co-operation and unity that must mark Christ's Church. Council Fathers, having reached theological consensus, are said to sing a hymn in unison. A vast choir, harmonious despite the many different voices of its singers, is a powerful and moving image of the unity of mind and heart Christians have prized from the beginning (cf. Acts 4:32).

Christian monasteries in particular seek to replicate the beautiful simplicity of these first Christians. Like them, monks live together and hold their goods in common; they devote themselves to apostolic teaching and to prayer and the Eucharist (cf. Acts 2:42-47). Above all, they strive for that unity of intent, purpose, and understanding so aptly summed up as "harmony." For our own small monastery, the word is particularly appropriate; we are, in fact, a choir.

Priest places commemorative particle on diskos

Prayer is the essence of monastic life. It is the purpose of the monk's withdrawal from the world and his motivation for living together with other like–minded souls. Away from the world's many distractions, he is free to devote himself to contemplation, conversation with God deep within the recesses of his heart. At fixed hours he also stands to pray in common with his brothers; in our monastery the common prayer is almost entirely sung.

This prayer is liturgical — that is, a public work, undertaken on behalf of the people. It concerns the well–being of the whole world. Persistent litanies of petition for the needs of the Church, our nation, and the world, punctuate the Psalms and hymns of our Services. Singing the Lord's praises and begging His mercy on this world of ours, we know that this prayer is heard and that it is efficacious.

Again I tell you, if two of you join their voices on earth to pray for anything whatever, it shall be granted you by My Father in heaven.
(Mt. 18:19)

Priest pouring wine into chalice

Liturgical prayer is the most important function of this little monastery. The four or five hours per day we normally spend in choir constitute our noblest endeavor, our greatest benefit to the world. They also represent our closest connection with one another and our intimacy with God.

Our music mostly consists of simple traditional melodies, quickly learned by rote and then wedded to a great variety of liturgical texts. The texts, themselves, are often profoundly theological, offering rare insights into God’s truth. Singing them over the years helps us to internalize their content and make it strongly held belief rather than intellectual proposition. From right worship come theological understanding and knowledge of God.

The monastic choir is the bond of our life. Whatever our individual tasks and responsibilities, we all sing the Services; for some hours each day we are all gathered together in the temple, totally united in this holy work. The choir demands attentiveness, sensitivity, and great effort; the Services sometimes leave us drained and exhausted. Yet they also lift us up and restore the wholeness often fractured by the day’s cares. As our voices meld in the sacred chants, we are drawn out of our petty isolation and into a splendid oneness of mind and heart. In this unity we know we are not alone:

Where two or three are gathered in My name, there I am in their midst.
(Mt. 18:20)

Priest pierces lamb with lance

The Services are almost completely sung or chanted. There is much movement by the clergy — particularly in the Divine Liturgy — and the worshippers frequently bow and cross themselves, and sometimes come forward to venerate the Cross, the Gospel Book, or an icon. Visitors who strive to emulate these practices will experience a greater share in the spirit of the Service. However, they should not feel pressured to do so; no one will notice, one way or another, since everyone, people and clergy alike, face the same direction most of the time. The Services also make liberal use of incense, and lamps and candles are lit and extinguished at significant moments. Occasionally there are anointing and distributions of non-Eucharistic bread and wine of which all may partake.